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Artificial intelligence (A.I.) is rapidly moving from SIRI to self-driving cars. While science fiction often describes A.I. as a robot with human properties, A.I. can encompass everything from Google’s search algorithms to IBM’s Watson and autonomous weapons.
Artificial intelligence is now aptly called narrow A.I. (or weak A.I.) because it is designed to perform a narrow task (for example, just recognizing faces, searching the internet, or lifting a coach). However, the lasting goal of many researchers is to create overall A.I. While challenging A.I. can outperform humans on any specific task, like playing chess or solving equations, AGI will exceed humans on almost any cognitive job.
Introduction to Artificial Intelligence
The short answer to the request of what artificial intelligence is depends on who you ask.
The layman with a superficial understanding of technology associates them with robots. It looks like Artificial Intelligence is a Terminator-like figure that can act and think for itself.
If you ask an artificial intelligence researcher about artificial intelligence, they will tell you that it is a series of algorithms that can produce results without explicit instructions. And they will all be right. Thus, the importance of artificial intelligence is as follows:
Why Seek The Safety of A.I.?
In the short term, the goal of maintaining the positive impact of A.I. on society motivates research in many fields, from business and law to technical matters such as verification, credibility, security, and control. When your laptop crashes or gets hacked, it can be little more than a minor annoyance, but it’s even more important that the A.I. system does what you expect your car, plane, pacemaker, or your automated control system. Trade. or your electrical network. Another short-term challenge is to prevent a devastating arms race with deadly autonomous weapons.
In the long run, an important question is what happens when the pursuit of a strong A.I. is successful and the A.I. system is better than humans at all cognitive tasks. According to I.J. Well, back in 1965, building more intelligent artificial intelligence systems was a cognitive task in itself. Such a system could potentially improve recursively, causing an explosion of intelligence that leaves human intellect far behind.
Why there has been recent interest in A.I. security
Stephen Selling, Elon Musk, Steve Wozniak, Bill Gates, and many other top scientists and technicians recently voiced concerns about the risks of A.I. in the media and open letters, joined by many leading researchers in I.A. Why is this topic suddenly making the headlines?
Superintelligence in our lives. The idea that the quest for a powerful A.I. will eventually succeed has long considered science fiction, centuries or later. However, thanks to recent discoveries, many milestones in the field of artificial intelligence that experts envisioned decades ago, five years ago, have reached, meaning that many experts serious about the possibility. While some experts still suspect that human-scale artificial intelligence is centuries away. Most A.I. research at the Puerto Rico conference in 2015 assumed it would happen before 2060. Since Necessary safety studies can take decades, so it recommended that you start now.
How can we measure if artificial intelligence is leading like a human?
Even if we reach a state where A.I. can behave like a human. How can we be sure that it can continue to act like a human? We can justify the human resemblance of an A.I. entity with the following elements:
- Turing test
- Cognitive modeling approach
- Way of thinking
- Rational agent-based approach
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